Impact of Science Parks on Urban Development - Master Thesis

Science Parks are being developed in many European cities as combined agglomerations of scientific facilities, universities, business incubators and established companies, which expect a comparative and innovative advantage and an improvement of the city’s creativity as a result of such a cluster.

The study analyzes and compares two existing parks in Berlin, Germany with two Andalusian parks in Malaga and Seville and discovers that the spatial impact of development depends on the general trends of urban development. In addition there are several potential developments depending on the location of the park within the city.

The study distinguishes three different potential impacts:

Type Magnet

In growing cities a strong influence on the direction

of development can help authorities to determine

the success of their planning.

Type Organ

In declining cities you could expect an important

boost to economic activity in the city center along

with the re-use of former industrial sites.

Type Articulation

The parks can influence strategic connections

between cities and major areas or facilities,

related to them. (airports, logistic centers, dormitory towns...).

The essence of the study is that it is absolutely necessary to understand, that the development of a technology park presents a big opportunity for urban development far beyond the economic possibilities and should be used to help solving existing problems in urban planning.